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Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol or CBD is a type of phytocannabinoid obtained from species of the cannabis plant. CBD is different from other cannabinoid derivatives if it is taken under Cbdistillery dosage instructions. since it does not trigger psychoactive activity and does not have anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, cannabidiol does not produce any intoxication in the human body.

Cannabidiol is found in the form of a capsule, concentrate, topical, spray or as CBD oil. So far, only one CBD drug – Epidiolex has been approved by the Food and Drug Association (FDA). The drug is made from pure cannabidiol extract and is used to treat seizures in patients from two years of age.

Since Epidiolex is plant-based, it is free from contaminants and has been effective among people suffering from Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes.

Safety of CBD Products

Most products alleged to contain CBD may also have other cannabinoids or none at all. They may also have zero CBD. Research shows that only 31 percent of the CBD products sold online contain the same amount of cannabidiol written on the product label. It is also impossible to tell whether these products are free from contaminants such as THC, fungi, and mold. Since there are no clear regulations around the extraction of CBD, it is also possible that these products contain toxins like butane.

Most companies that manufacture CBD oil list the following as some of the benefits associated with the product:

  • Pain elimination
  • Treatment of fibromyalgia
  • Prevention of diseases such as diabetes
  • Pain relief
  • Treatment of insomnia and stress disorders

Although some of these claims are true, their validity remains unsubstantiated since most of the products are yet to be tested and approved by FDA.

CBD-Related Policies

When it comes to cannabidiol products, the Idaho code established in 2015 applies. The code states that any mixture, compound or material that contains any amount of tetrahydrocannabinol or marijuana should be classified under controlled substances. Therefore, for CBD oil to be classified outside controlled substance it must meet the following conditions:

  • It should not have any amount of THC or tetrahydrocannabinol
  • It should not contain marijuana

Concerning CBD products that do not contain THC, the code states that such products will be deemed to be marijuana free if they are produced from the following parts of the cannabis plant:

  • Mature stalks
  • Cake or oil made from the seeds of the plant
  • Compounds or mixtures prepared from mature stalks
  • Sterilized seeds of the plant

The Federal Farm bill established in 2018 also eliminates certain cannabis-related products from the list of controlled substances if they contain less than 0.3 percent of THC.

Background

In 2015, Idaho’s S1146a bill was enacted to allow parents of children suffering from uncontrolled epilepsy to obtain CBD oil containing up to 0.3 percent THC legally. However, bodies such as the Idaho State Police, the Idaho Police Chiefs Association and the Criminal Justice Commission opposed this bill by raising concerns that included:

  • Safety of the product
  • The legalization process
  • Dosing and side effects
  • Lab testing of the products

Despite the opposition, the bill was passed by the Idaho legislature. Additionally, an executive order was established to give epileptic children free access to Epidiolex which as approved by the FDA in 2018.

In November 2019, Idaho’s governor issued an order to settle the statutory concerns about interstate transportation of cannabis. The order does not legalize the production of hemp and its products but permits the transportation of hemp according to the 2018 Farm bill, the Executive Order and statutory laws.

Post Author: Sharon Humiston

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